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Global Climates

map of the Earth

Global Climates

Look back at the map.

Which continent has more arid areas?

  1. Africa
  2. North America
  3. South America
  4. Europe

Global Climates

Look back at the map.

Which continent has more arid areas?

  1. Africa
    Africa has the most light tan (arid) areas.
  2. North America
  3. South America
  4. Europe

Global Climates

Look back at the map.

What is the predominant climate of Australia?

  1. Tropical
  2. Dry
  3. Moderate
  4. Continental

Global Climates

Look back at the map.

What is the predominant climate of Australia?

  1. Tropical
  2. Dry
    Most of Australia is tan or light tan, both dry areas.
  3. Moderate
  4. Continental

Forests

Different forests of the world experience different climatic conditions.

A forest’s climate influences the types of vegetation and animals that live there. It is therefore possible to divide the world into a number of climatic zones each with its own characteristic climate, vegetation and wildlife.

trees

Forests

Tropical forests are found near the equator in Central America, parts Africa and Asia. They are very hot and humid and contain a huge variety of plants and animals - round half of all the world's species. Trees are mostly hardwood.

Temperate deciduous forests contain trees that lose their leaves and are found across Europe and USA.

Coniferous forests contain pine trees are found further north than deciduous forests, in Scandinavia, Russia and Canada.

Forests

Where are deciduous forests found?

  1. near the equator
  2. in Europe
  3. in the Arctic Circle
  4. in Central America

Forests

Where are deciduous forests found?

  1. near the equator
  2. in Europe
    Rereading the selection, we find “Temperate deciduous forests contain trees that lose their leaves and are found across Europe and USA.”
  3. in the Arctic Circle
  4. in Central America

Climates Types

Desert is the driest of areas. The largest expanse of desert is found in North Africa. Areas of scrubland that border the desert are called desert scrub.

Savannas or tropical grasslands are hot and dry, dominated by grass, scrub and occasional trees. They have two distinct seasons - a dry season when much of the vegetation dies back, and a rainy season when it grows rapidly. Savannas are found in central Africa (Kenya, Zambia, Tanzania), northern Australia and central South America (Venezuela and Brazil).

Climates Types

Temperate grasslands are areas dominated by grass, where trees and large bushes are scarce. The weather is less harsh than the savannas. Famous grasslands include the Puszta in Hungary, Veldts in South Africa, Pampas in Argentina, and Prairies in USA.

Mediterranean is a pleasant climate - not too hot or cold. As the name suggests it is found around the Mediterranean Sea and to a lesser extent elsewhere.

Tundra surrounds the poles. It has an extremely cold climate, with limited numbers of plants and animals.

Mountain areas can be very cold at night and during winter. The growing season is short and at higher levels trees will not grow.

Climates Types

Which climate is found in the Arctic Circle which surrounds the North Pole?

  1. Desert
  2. Tundra
  3. Mediterranean
  4. Savannah

Climates Types

Which climate is found in the Arctic Circle which surrounds the North Pole?

  1. Desert
  2. Tundra
    Rereading the selection, we find “Tundra surrounds the poles.”
  3. Mediterranean
  4. Savannah

Climates Types

Which area would be easiest to live in?

  1. Mediterranean
  2. savanna
  3. desert
  4. tundra

Climates Types

Which area would be easiest to live in?

  1. Mediterranean
    Rereading the selection, we find “Mediterranean is a pleasant climate.”
  2. savanna
  3. desert
  4. tundra

Climate

One of the easiest ways to tell these zones apart is to look at the climatic graph - a graph showing the average rainfall (usually shown as a bar graph) and average temperature (usually shown as a line graph) for each month in an average year.

graph

Rainfall

Let’s look at this rainfall graph for California...

graph of California rainfall

Rainfall

Look back at the graph.

Which area of California had the most rainfall?

  1. Klamath
  2. Lake Tahoe
  3. Truckee River
  4. Walker River

Rainfall

Look back at the graph.

Which area of California had the most rainfall?

  1. Klamath
    Two ways to tell – the bar for Klamath on the graph is longest and it is yellow.
  2. Lake Tahoe
  3. Truckee River
  4. Walker River

Rainfall

Look back at the graph.

How much rainfall compared to the average rainfall did the majority of the areas of California have?

  1. less than 50%
  2. between 50% and 70%
  3. between 70% and 90%
  4. more than 90%

Rainfall

Look back at the graph. (Hint: Look at the written percentages as well as the bars and legend.)

How much rainfall compared to the average rainfall did the majority of the areas of California have?

  1. less than 50%
  2. between 50% and 70%
    Red is the most predominant bar, it means less than 70% and looking at the % next to each bar, you can see that all of the red bars are between 50%-70%.
  3. between 70% and 90%
  4. more than 90%

Temperature

Now let’s look at this June 2011 temperature graph for Wachulla, Florida...

graph of Florida temperatures

Temperature

Look back at the graph.

Which of the following statements is true about Wachulla’s temperature in June 2011?

  1. It was hot.
  2. It snowed.
  3. People had to bundle up in coats.
  4. The temperature exceeded 100 degrees.

Temperature

Look back at the graph.

Which of the following statements is true about Wachulla’s temperature in June 2011?

  1. It was hot.
    The temperature was in the 60’s, 70’s and 80’s. It was too hot to wear coats or have snow but did not reach 100 degrees.
  2. It snowed.
  3. People had to bundle up in coats.
  4. The temperature exceeded 100 degrees.