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Egyptian Pyramids

Egyptian Pyramids

Egyptian Pyramids

The Egyptian pyramids are ancient pyramid-shaped masonry structures located in Egypt.

There are over 100 pyramids in Egypt. Most were built as tombs for the country's Pharaoh and his consorts during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods.

Egyptian Pyramids

Egyptian Pyramids

The earliest known Egyptian pyramid is the Pyramid of Djoser, which was built during the third dynasty. This pyramid and its surrounding complex were designed by the architect Imhotep, It is generally considered to be the world's oldest monumental structure constructed of dressed masonry.

The best known Egyptian pyramids are those found at Giza, on the outskirts of Cairo, especially the Great Pyramid (also called the Great Pyramid of Giza, Pyramid of Khufu or Pyramid of Cheops). It is the largest Egyptian pyramid and is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still in existence.

Egyptian Pyramids

The Great Sphinx and the pyramids of Giza are among the most recognizable symbols of the civilization of ancient Egypt.

Egyptian Pyramids and Great Sphinx

Egyptian Pyramids

How many of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still exist?

  1. one
  2. two
  3. three
  4. four

Egyptian Pyramids

How many of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still exist?

  1. one
    In the reading selection it states: "It... is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still in existence."
  2. two
  3. three
  4. four

Egyptian Pyramids

A pyramid is a three-dimensional shape. Which two-dimensional shape is it like?

  1. a circle
  2. a square
  3. a rectangle
  4. a triangle

Egyptian Pyramids

A pyramid is a three-dimensional shape. Which two-dimensional shape is it like?

  1. a circle
  2. a square
  3. a rectangle
  4. a triangle
    Look at the picture of a pyramid, see how it is composed of triangles.

Egyptian Pyramids

When were most of the Egyptian pyramids built?

  1. before 1500
  2. between 1500 and 1900
  3. during the 1900’s
  4. since 2000

Egyptian Pyramids

When were most of the Egyptian pyramids built?

  1. before 1500
    As stated, they were part of the ancient world, well before 1500.
  2. between 1500 and 1900
  3. during the 1900’s
  4. since 2000

Pharaohs

Pharaohs were kings in ancient Egypt, considered by their subjects to be divine. The word "Pharaoh" literally means "great house".

This term refers to both the royal household in which the king dwelled and also the veneration and wonder the people held for the position. They were the most important people in the country of Egypt.

Pharaohs

The Pharaoh's word was never questioned as he had supreme authority, represented by the crook and flail. Many gifts were given to him in his honor.

a Pharaohs golden mask

Pharaohs

Who was the Egyptian Pharaoh most like?

  1. a peasant
  2. a king
  3. a protestor
  4. a father

Pharaohs

Who was the Egyptian Pharaoh most like?

  1. a peasant
  2. a king
    “he had supreme authority”
  3. a protestor
  4. a father

The Nile

The geography of ancient Egypt was dominated, as is today, by the combination of lack of rainfall and the Nile River. In the fourth century B.C., the Greek historian Herodotus called Egypt the "gift of the Nile", since the kingdom owed its survival to the annual flooding of the Nile.

map of Lower Egypt

The Nile

Since the headwaters of the Nile are deep in central east Africa, the river flooded annually during the height of Egyptian civilization. Spring snowmelt in the Ethiopian highlands would gradually fill the river, and the Nile would gently rise.

Unlike Mesopotamia, where floods were irregular, unpredictable and highly destructive, the Nile washed over its banks to flood stage on a predictable schedule, usually within two or three days of the heliacal rising of the star Sirius in late July.

The Nile

For a period of almost three thousand years, with relatively few interruptions, the ancient Egyptians could count on three months of high waters, from August to early November. The Inundation, as it was called, carried a rich bed of silt and alluvial soil onto the farmland of Egypt. In this way, the farmland of Egypt was annually replenished and invigorated, making Egypt the garden-land of the ancient world.

The Nile

Which word best describes the flooding of the Nile in ancient Egypt?

  1. unexpected
  2. quarterly
  3. predictable
  4. violent

The Nile

Which word best describes the flooding of the Nile in ancient Egypt?

  1. unexpected
  2. quarterly
  3. predictable
    “...could count on three months of high waters, from August to early November...”
  4. violent

Red Lands & Black Lands

Red Lands

  • The 'red land' was the barren desert that protected Egypt on two sides. These deserts separated ancient Egypt from neighboring countries and invading armies. They also provided the ancient Egyptians with a source for precious metals and semi-precious stones.

Black Lands

  • The 'black land' was the fertile land on the banks of the Nile. The ancient Egyptians used this land for growing their crops. This was the only land in ancient Egypt that could be farmed because a layer of rich, black silt was deposited there every year after the inundation of the Nile.
  • satelite image of Egypt

Red Lands & Black Lands

The green is the ancient Egyptian "Black Land", while everything else is the "Red Land"

satelite image of Egypt

Red Lands & Black Lands

Was Egypt surrounded by the red lands?

  1. Yes
  2. No

Red Lands & Black Lands

Was Egypt surrounded by the red lands?

  1. Yes
  2. No
    "The 'red land' was the barren desert that protected Egypt on two sides."

Red Lands & Black Lands

Which “land” was most prevalent in Egypt?

  1. Red
  2. Green
  3. Black

Red Lands & Black Lands

Which “land” was most prevalent in Egypt?

  1. Red
    Look at the picture of the “red” and “black” lands.
  2. Green
  3. Black

Egypt

Map of Ancient Egypt, showing the Nile up to the fifth cataract, and major cities and sites of the Dynastic period (c. 3150 BC to 30 BC).

Cairo and Jerusalem are shown as reference cities.

map of Egypt

Egypt

Notice the cities only occur along the Nile and in particular along the Nile river delta.

map of Egypt

Egypt

Where are most cities of Egypt located?

  1. in the north
  2. in the south
  3. along the Nile
  4. on the Mediterranean Sea

Egypt

Where are most cities of Egypt located?

  1. in the north
  2. in the south
  3. along the Nile
    On the map of Egypt the cities are all near the river, the Nile.
  4. on the Mediterranean Sea