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Language Arts Reading

Compare, Contrast, and Making Connections

Lesson Objectives

  • Learn how to make connections with your reading materials
  • Discover the importance of context clues
  • Identify comparison/contrast patterns of organization

Making Connections

  • Making connections with your reading material ensures you have a good understanding of the topic

How Do I Make Connections?

  • In order to make the connection, you must understand the context of the material
    • Once you understand the material, try relating it to a real-life situation to make a connection

Context Clues – Making Connections

  • What are context clues?
    • Context clues – are familiar words/phrases (clues) used to determine unfamiliar word/phrases in a reading selection
      • Context clues should be used when you have difficulty determining a words meaning
      • If you come across a word you don't know, look for familiar words in a sentence to determine the unfamiliar word's meaning

Comparing and Contrasting

  • We use comparison and contrast on a daily basis (i.e. similarities and differences)
  • Writers use comparison/contrast to explain how something is similar to or different from something else

Comparison/Contrast in Literature

  • Writers also use comparison/contrast to develop characters in literature
    • Comparison – showing how characters are similar or alike
    • Contrast – showing how characters are different

How Do I Identify Comparison/Contrast?

  • How do you identify comparison/contrast in a paragraph or story?
    • To identify comparison/contrast organization, look for key words:
      • Comparison – like, also, compared to, similarly
      • Contrast – unlike, but, differently, on the other hand

Let's Practice

Please complete the Practice exercises, followed by the test in this module.