Language Arts Reading
Patterns of Organization and Critical Thinking
- Learn about the different patterns of organization
What Are Patterns of Organization?
- Writers use a variety of organization strategies to present their ideas in different ways
- Six Patterns of Organization
- Chronological order
Pattern of Organization - Example
- An example pattern uses specific, detailed situations to explain an idea
- When organizing a paragraph, the author will state the main idea first, then follow with examples to support it
Pattern of Organization - Definition
- A Definition pattern explains a term, then provides its characteristics or features
- Ex. Rap music has evolved over the past few decades. This type of music uses rhythm and rhyme to convey a musical monologue.
- When using this pattern of organization, ask yourself:
- What is being defined?
- What makes it different from other items or ideas?
Pattern of Organization - Chronological Order
- Chronological order refers to the order in which something occurs
- Often, writers use transitions to help keep track of the sequence of events
- Ex. First, second, third, then, finally
Pattern of Organization - Comparison and Contrast
- We use comparison and contrast on a daily basis (i.e. similarities and differences)
- Writers use comparison/contrast to explain how something is similar to or different from something else
- Comparison – similar
- Contrast - different
Pattern of Organization - Cause and Effect
- Writers use cause and effect to explain why an event or action causes another event or action to occur
- Writers use cause and effect to tell a story
- If you can determine the cause and effect in a story, you will have a good understanding of what happened and what the results were
Study → Graduate
(cause) → (effect)
Pattern of Organization - Listing
- Listing is used when an author wants to mention items, but not in a particular order.
- Ex. A patient experiences different symptoms and a doctor examines those symptoms before making a diagnosis.
Please complete the Practice exercises, followed by the test in this module.